Laparoscopy For Achalasia Cardia
||Laparoscopy for Achalasia Cardia
Achalasia cardia is a rare disorder in which the patient faces difficulty in swallowing food. This difficulty occurs in swallowing both liquid and solid food, which leads to heaviness in the chest, chest pain, regurgitation, and vomiting. Barium swallow and manometry show a narrowing at the lower esophageal sphincter and stasis of food above the sphincter level inside the chest. This narrowing occurs due to an increase in pressure at LES. Surgery is the treatment of choice for achalasia cardia. Pneumatic dilatation done endoscopically almost always fails and again leads to similar symptoms. Surgery of choice for achalasia cardia is Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy, in which the muscle fibers of LES are divided which removed the narrowing and subsequently leads to the normal passage of food.